The total wine estate covers 6.54 hectares (16.15 acres) divided up into 11 plots in the villages of Sisán and Padrenda. Both of these villages are located in the Salnés valley whose poor and well exposed soils are considered the cradle of the Albariño grape. The main grape variety is Albariño; however we also grow the indigenous red varieties Caiño Tinto, Loureiro Tinto and Espadeiro.
The average age of the vines is 30 years. Massal selection is done on our oldest ungrafted vines, and these cuttings are used for our new plantations. We also interplant vines where necessary each year.
Environmentally-friendly vine-growing methods are practised in the vineyards. Since 1994 all our plots have had permanent natural cover crops growing between the rows and therefore no ploughing is done. No weedkillers are used either; and neither do we fertilise the soils with chemically-synthesised nutrients. During the 2006 campaign we were granted Integrated Crop Production certification, which is a viticultural system that aims to produce a high quality crop, to ensure economically viable farming, to safeguard viticultural heritage and to protect the natural environment.
The density of plantation is low, and the usual vine-spacing is 5 metres by 5 metres, representing some 800 vines per hectare. Yields obtained at the estate are between 6,000 and 8,000 kg/hectare (45 to 60hl/hectare), which are well below the Rías Baixas appellation Control Board’s permitted yield of 12,000 kg/hectare (90hl/hectare).
The most used rootstocks are 196-17 Castel and 110 Richter. To a smaller degree 420 A and 101-14 MG are also used. We still have 3 plots of ungrafted vines at the estate.
The most used pruning system is the classic “pergola” leaving an average load of 60-80 buds per vine. With our trellised vines we practice the Sylvoz system with an arched cane.
The harvest is done manually, using small 16kg crates, preceded by numerous ripeness checks on the berries. The pickers sort the bunches manually on the vine and if necessary eliminate any berries that might have been affected by rot. The aim is to vinify only those bunches which are ripe and healthy.
Sisán – Ribadumia
Seven plots are situated in this area:
Padrenda – Meaño
Four plots are situated in this area: